Monday, March 31, 2014

Cesar Chavez biography



Cesar Chavez was born on this day in 1927.


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Quick Facts

  • NAME: Cesar Chavez
  • OCCUPATION: Activist
  • BIRTH DATE: March 31, 1927
  • DEATH DATE: April 23, 1993
  • Did You Know?: Tha name of the town that Cesar Chavez and his family moved to in California when he was a child was Sal Si Puedes, which translates to "escape if you can."
  • Did You Know?: At one point, Cesar Chavez fasted for 36 days for the rights of laborers.
  • PLACE OF BIRTH: Yuma, Arizona
  • PLACE OF DEATH: San Luis, Arizona
  • Full Name: Cesar Estrada Chavez
  • Full Name: Cesar Chavez
http://www.biography.com/people/cesar-chavez-9245781/videos/cesar-chavez-mini-biography-82441283798

Synopsis

Born near Yuma, Arizona, on March 31, 1927, Cesar Chavez employed nonviolent means to bring attention to the plight of farmworkers, and formed both the National Farm Workers Association, which later became United Farm Workers. As a labor leader, Chavez led marches, called for boycotts and went on several hunger strikes. It is believed that Chavez's hunger strikes contributed to his death on April 23, 1993, in San Luis, Arizona.

Quotes

"If you really want to make a friend, go to someone's house and eat with him...The people who give you their food give you their heart."
– Cesar Chavez

Early Life

Union leader and labor organizer Cesar Chavez was born Cesario Estrada Chavez on March 31, 1927, near Yuma, Arizona. Chavez dedicated his life to improving the treatment, pay and working conditions for farm workers. He knew all too well the hardships farm workers faced. When he was young, Chavez and his family toiled in the fields as migrant farm workers.

 

Labor Leader

After working as a community and labor organizer in the 1950s, Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association in 1962. This union joined with the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee in its first strike against grape growers in California in 1965. A year later, the two unions merged, and the resulting union was renamed the United Farm Workers in 1972. In early 1968, Chavez called for a national boycott of California table grape growers. Chavez's battle with the grape growers for improved compensation and labor conditions would last for years. At the end, Chavez and his union won several victories for the workers when many growers signed contracts with the union. He faced more challenges through the years from other growers and the Teamsters Union. All the while, he continued to oversee the union and work to advance his cause.

As a labor leader, Chavez employed nonviolent means to bring attention to the plight of farm workers. He led marches, called for boycotts and went on several hunger strikes. He also brought the national awareness to the dangers of pesticides to workers' health. His dedication to his work earned him numerous friends and supporters, including Robert Kennedy and Jesse Jackson.

It is believed that Chavez's hunger strikes contributed to his death: He died on April 23, 1993, in San Luis, Arizona.

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http://www.biography.com/people/cesar-chavez-9245781